Dating meissen marks
It is a back-stamp mark, and the coloration should have been in Nao’s dark brown, but it is a photo from an authenticated Nao piece, and appears to be almost black in color.Possibly it was an early back-stamp used in the late 1960’s.They were the natural result of the porcelain mastery gained by the young artisans.Their version of the Zaphir history is that it was a separate factory in the Valenica region, and the sculptor for this brand was none other than Jose Puche, one of the famous core Lladro collection sculptors.(see next example below) It also illustrates the style of the impressed Nao mark used in the early productions of the mid-1960’s.The fact that this styled mark did not impress well may have been why it was changed to a back-stamp.Mid-1980’s Nao Factory Back-stamp Mark And again – although very similar to the “official” 1996 Nao back-stamp, (shown above), this mark appears the same, but is clearly dated 1988.It is thought that this design was in use from the mid to late 1980’s, all the way up to when it was designated as official in 1996, and replaced in 2003 with a more streamlined version that dropped the word “Lladro” from the stamp.
This Nao back-stamp was used in the early 1970’s, (even though Nao supposedly didn’t exist before 1975).To quote José Lladró, “That company turned out to be unimportant to us and closed down shortly afterwards” (José Lladró, p. Rosal, meanwhile, “became the seed of what today is Nao, our second brand” (José Lladró, p.99).Apparently the primary purpose of the Rosal brand was to squash the renegades brand, and the brothers were unsure if the Rosal brand would be successful, because the first Rosal mark was just a stick-on tag.This occurred in 1967, and the new brand was named Rosal because, according to José Lladró, the brothers did not want to involve the Lladró name into what was sure to be an ugly competitive fight.
The brothers were right, it did turn into an ugly and public competitive fight, including a messy law-suit in which Lladró prevailed and ended up buying out the renegade company.
And the fact that the country of origin was noted as ESPAÑA, indicates they did not plan the line for export since the U. import laws have long required that the country of origin be identified in English.